Types of car accident injuries in Los Angeles
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A vehicle collision can leave very serious traumatic injuries such as paraplegia, quadriplegia, brain trauma and spinal injuries. Sometimes the lesions are not visible or are asymptomatic, due to stress and adrenaline generated by accidents.
After several days or maybe weeks, it is when the symptoms can appear in the form of post-traumatic stress, pain and discomfort, dizziness, bleeding, etc. Therefore, it is advisable to seek a medical evaluation after certain car accidents, even when no serious symptoms are observed.
The medical evaluation after the accident serves two basic functions in an insurance claim. On the one hand, the existence of an injury is ruled out and the possible injuries are prevented from worsening and, on the other hand, there is a medical record that facilitates any claim or lawsuit process.
Most frequent types of car accident injuries
The types of car accident injuries in Los Angeles depend on the severity of the collision. The most common injuries in this type of accident include:
Traumatic brain injuries
Any head injury can be dangerous and cause brain trauma. The two basic types of traumatic brain injury are:
Penetrating injuries. When a foreign body enters the brain and causes internal damage.
Closed head injuries. Caused by blows against any part of the vehicle or the pavement if the person is expelled from the car. These types of injuries are classified as:
a) Primary brain injury. Includes cranial fracture, contusions, bruises, blood clots, lacerations, and nerve damage.
b) Secondary brain injury. Includes progressive damage such as: inflammation of the brain, intracranial hypertension, epilepsy, intracranial infection, hematoma, fever, blood pressure (high or low), anemia, and others.
Spinal cord injuries
It includes damage to the nerves that are lodged along the spinal canal, after trauma to the spine. These injuries affect the ability of the marrow to send and receive messages from the brain, which causes sensory dysfunction or total disability in the person to be able to execute bodily movements.
Spinal cord injuries are catastrophic injuries for the victim and their family and can generate controversy with the insurance companies or the person responsible for the accident. For this reason, it is recommended that at the time of filing a claim, you consider having an expert personal injury lawyer in Los Angeles.
They are a type of injury quite common in automobile accidents. Bone fractures include any part of the body: hands, arms, face, neck, head, back, legs and feet. There are several types of bone fractures. There are open fractures and closed fractures.
Open fractures are those in which the accident causes a bleeding wound in the skin and the bone may be exposed. While in closed fractures, the bones break but there is no bleeding or open wounds.
Cuts, lacerations and bruises
The cuts and tears are lesions directly on the skin that sometimes are very deep and go through the fatty tissue to reach the bone. Usually, they are caused by sharp or pointed objects.
Lacerations, scrapes, abrasions and scratches are more superficial but equally painful wounds. They are usually caused on the face, knees, elbows and on the palms of the hands.
Bruises cause bruising or bleeding under the skin, due to the breakdown of blood vessels. These injuries are caused by strong blows against a blunt object.
Face and neck injuries
These injuries can become extremely serious and dangerous as they often cause disability in people or death from strokes and head injuries, as well as disfiguring injuries. Face and neck injuries are divided into soft tissue trauma and bone trauma to the skull, upper jaw, or lower jaw.
In contrast, lateral neck injuries can compromise muscles, peripheral nerves, arterial vessels, as well as venous and lymphatic vessels and the pleural dome. While the anterior lesions of the neck (the front) can affect the larynx, trachea, esophagus and vascular and nerve structures. Subsequent injuries can cause a fracture or dislocation of the cervical spine.
It is among the most common injuries in auto accidents. Whiplash is a sprain caused by a sudden movement or hyperextension of the neck, which affects the muscles, tendons and nerves of the neck. It can even affect the cervical discs, causing hernias.
Symptoms of a whiplash
Cervical pain is exacerbated when the patient attempts to perform neck movements. The most frequent symptoms of whiplash are: pain in the neck and shoulders, dizziness, muscle contracture, headache, tingling in the face or arms, fatigue and irritability.
Torso and chest injuries
Chest trauma can cause the rupture of large vessels and affect the heart; while abdominal trauma, it can affect other organs such as the liver and spleen. Closed thoracic injuries are especially careful because they are difficult to detect and the person may believe that they are not injured.
When drivers do not use their seatbelts correctly, they are exposed to fractures of the ribs in a traffic accident that can cause damage to the lungs.
If you are involved in an automobile accident, you can recover damages by filing a claim with the insurance company of the person, company or entity responsible for the accident and injuries or before a civil court by means of a personal injury claim.